All-Time-High (ATH) - The highest point (in price, in market capitalization) that a cryptocurrency has been in history.
All-Time-Low (ATL) - The lowest point (in price, in market capitalization) that a cryptocurrency has been in history.
Altcoin - as Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency that became popular worldwide, all other coins were subsequently termed “altcoins,” as in “alternative coins.”
Anti-Money Laundering (AML) - A set of international laws enacted to curtail criminal organizations or individuals laundering money through cryptocurrencies into real-world cash. Arbitrage - a simultaneous purchase and sale of an asset in order to profit from a difference in price. It is a trade that benefits by exploiting price differences of identical or similar financial instruments, on different markets.
Asset – an economic resource, which can be owned or controlled to return a possible future benefit.
Bag – a significant quantity of a specific cryptocurrency is considered a ‘bag’. Base currency – base currency is the first currency quoted in a forex pair. Basis point – the unit used to describe movements in interest rates or other percentages; it is equal to one hundredth of one percent, or 0.01%. Bitcoin ATM (BTM) – a machine from which you can withdraw bitcoin. Bubble - a situation where market participants drive prices up above their value, which is usually followed by a steep, rapid drop in prices. Bull - a person that is optimistic and confident that market prices will increase. This person is also known to be "bullish" about the market or price. Burned - when a coin or token has been made permanently unusable.
Candlesticks - a candlestick chart is a graphing technique used to show changes in price over time. Each candle provides 4 points of information: opening price, closing price, high, and low. Also known as “candles” for short. Cash - a physical form of a currency, such as banknotes or coins. Chargeback – a demand made by a credit-card provider for a retailer to make good on the loss on a fraudulent or disputed transaction, reversing said payment or money transfer after it is authorized. Cipher - the name given to the algorithm that encrypts and decrypts information. Close - refers to the closing price. Coin - a cryptocurrency that can operate independently. Cryptocurrency - a digital medium of exchange using strong cryptography to secure financial transactions, control the creation of additional units, and verify the transfer of assets. Cryptography – a field of study and practice to secure information, preventing third parties from reading information to which they are not private. Cypherpunk- an activist who advocates for the mass adoption and use of strong cryptographic solutions and privacy-enhancing technologies.
Dead Cat Bounce - a temporary recovery in prices after a huge decrease. Decryption - the process of transforming data that has been rendered unreadable through encryption back to its unencrypted form. Depth Chart - a graph that plots the requests to buy (bids) and the requests to sell (asks) on a chart, based on limit orders. Digital Currency - a type of currency available only in digital form, allowing for instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer-of-ownership. Dump - to sell off all your coins. Dumping - the action of collective market sell- offs, creating downward price movement.
Emission - emission, also known as Emission Curve, Emission Rate and Emission Schedule, is the speed at which new coins are created and released. Exchange – a central marketplace with established rules and regulations where buyers and sellers meet to trade futures and options on futures contracts.
Fish - someone who holds insignificant amounts of cryptocurrencies, often at the mercy of whales who move the market up and down.
Gains - an increase in value or profit.
Hash - the act of performing a hash function on input data of arbitrary size, with an output of fixed length that looks random and from which no data can be recovered without a cipher. Head & Shoulders - a technical analysis term, describing the chart formation where a stock price peak is preceded and followed by two smaller peaks, both at the resistance point of a stock cycle, sometimes indicating a trend reversal. HODL - a type of passive investment strategy where you hold an investment for a long period of time, regardless of any changes in the price or markets. The term first became famous due to a typo made in a Bitcoin forum, and the term is now commonly expanded to stand for “Hold On for Dear Life.”
Income - the portion of investment return from interest or dividend payments, taxable at an individual's ordinary income tax rate. Inflation - the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, usually measured by the Consumer Price Index or Producer Price Index. Inflation Risk- the risk that the yield of an investment will be diminished by rising inflation rates. Interest - the rate charged by the lending for borrowing money over a specified amount of time.
JOMO - stands for “Joy of Missing Out.” Most often used by no-coiners who declare their happiness that they are not involved in cryptocurrencies, usually when prices are declining.
KYC – “Know Your Customer,” this process refers to a project’s or financial institution’s obligations to verify the identity of a customer in line with global anti-money laundering laws.
Last - the price at which the security last traded. Limit Order - an order instruction which sets the highest price the client is willing to pay for a buy order, or the lowest price the client is willing to accept for a sell order. Long – a situation where you buy a cryptocurrency with the expectation of selling it at a higher price for profit later. Lot – a group of assets that is traded instead of a single asset. Low – the lowest closing price of a stock over a certain period of time.
Minus Tick - an execution price below the previous transaction. Moon - a situation where there is a continuous upward movement in the price of a cryptocurrency. Moving Average – a technical analysis term measuring the average of data for a certain number of time periods. It is calculated using data from a fixed number of time periods, when a new value is added, the last trailing value is removed, hence the name "moving" average.
Net Assets – the total assets held in a mutual fund. Noise - price and volume fluctuations that do not show a clear market direction. Nominal Yield - the interest rate stated on the face of the bond. NTF - "No-Transactions-Fee", describes mutual funds that don't charge a transactions fee.
Offer - the lowest price at which an investor or dealer is willing to sell shares of a security. On-Balance Volume Index – this is the ratio of volume to upward price movement, used in technical analysis to determine if a security is being heavily bought into or sold out of. Opening Purchase – a transaction made by an investor with the intention of creating or increasing a long option position. Opening Sale- a transaction made by an investor with the intention of creating or increasing a short option position. Opening Transaction - an investor either buying or selling an option contract to open a new position. Option - a contract that gives the buyer the right to buy or sell a predetermined quantity of an underlying security during a specific period of time at a predetermined price. Option Adjustments - adjustments made to the terms of an option contract to reflect changes in the underlying security, such as a dividend payment or split. Out-of-the-Money - an option is out-of-the-money if the price of the underlying security is below the strike price of a call option, or above that of a put.
Pair - trade between one cryptocurrency and another, for example. Par Value - the face value of a bond. Payee - the person or business receiving a payment. Payment Date - the date on which an announced stock dividend or a bond interest payment is to be made. Payout Ratio - the percent of earnings-per-share that was paid out as dividend. Pit - the circular area on a trading floor, where futures and options are bought and sold. Pivot - a price level noted by the market's failure to penetrate or a sudden increase in volume that accompanies the move through the price level.
Quick Ratio - also known as acid test, it is an indicator of a company's financial condition, calculated by taking current assets less inventories, then divide by current liabilities. Quote - the highest bid and lowest asking price for a security at a particular time.
Range - the difference between the high and low trading price during a given period. Rate of Return - the percentage gain or loss within a specific time period, assuming that all distributions are reinvested at the current rate of return. Realized Gains/Losses - the gain or loss that is realized after converting the security into cash. Real-Time Quote - a stock or bond quote that shows a security's most recent ask and bid prices. Refunding - the retiring of a debt instrument using proceeds from the issuance of a new debt instrument. Retracement - a price movement in the opposite direction of the previous trend. Return - the money earned by investments over a period of time. Risk - the inherent possibility that an investment will lose value.
Sell-Out - when client incurs a margin or maintenance call and fail to settle the balance by settlement date. Short Account - the margin account in which the client has sold short securities. Short Exempt - a short sale that is exempt from the short sale rules, such as converting a convertible preferred and selling the common stock before the stock is received. Short Interest - a technical analysis of market sentiment, calculated by dividing the total shares sold short of a stock by its average daily trading volume. Spin-off - selling off a part of an existing firm to form another independent company, through the sale or distribution of new shares. Spread - the difference between the bid and ask of a quote. Stop Order - a type of order not executed until the specified price has been reached or passed, at which it becomes a market order. Stop-Loss - a stop order to sell set below the current price, mostly used for volatile stocks, so that potential losses are limited if the stock declines rapidly.
Tax Anticipation Note - a municipal note issued in anticipation of revenues from a future tax. Tax-Exempt Bonds - municipal securities whose interest is exempt from federal income tax. Ticker - a digital scrolling display showing prices and volume of traded securities. Total Assets – total sum of current assets plus total long-term assets. Total Revenue - total sales and other revenue for a specific period. Trade - a transaction involving one party buying a security from another party.
Unconfirmed - a state in which a transaction has not been appended to the blockchain. Underlying - the security on which options are being bought or sold. Unwind - an advanced option order used to intentionally close an existing buy/write or sell/write position. Uptick - a listed equity trade at a price that is higher than that of the last transaction. UTC Time - coordinated Universal Time. It is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time, kept using highly precise atomic clocks combined with the Earth’s rotation.
Validator - a participant on a proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain, involved in validating blocks for rewards. Vanity Address - a cryptocurrency public address with custom letters and numbers, usually picked by its owner. Vaporware - a cryptocurrency project that is never actually developed. Venture Capital - a form of private equity provided to fund small, early-stage firms considered to have high growth potential. Volume - the total number of shares of a stock traded during a specific time period. High volumes usually correspond to news announcements regarding the company.
Wallet - a cryptocurrency wallet is a secure digital wallet used to store, send, and receive digital currency. Whale - a term used to describe investors who have uncommonly large amounts of crypto, especially those with enough funds to manipulate the market. White Knight - a company that rescues another in financial trouble, preventing a takeover by a hostile bid. Writer - the seller of an option contract. W-Type Bottom - two consecutive bottom shapes on a price or indicator chart, resembling the alphabet W.
YTD - stands for year to date.
Zero Confirmation Transaction - alternative phrasing for an unconfirmed transaction. Zero Knowledge Proof - in cryptography, a zero-knowledge proof enables one party to provide evidence that a transaction or event happened without revealing private details of that transaction or event.